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President Williams succeeded by Lee M. Hart of Chicago

Photo caption: The Theatrical Mutual Association, shown here in 1888, was one of the early benevolent associations that preceded the National Alliance.

President Hart was a strong leader with a forceful personality.  During the Third Annual Convention in 1895, he told the delegates:

“It is written in letters of fire that the day of injustice to the working men of our craft must soon draw to a close. . . Let the ties which bind us to the past, let the interests which demand our watchfulness of the present, let the nobility of our aspirations for justice, truth, liberty and a grander development of our craft in the future, be the guiding stars to our actions.”